Olive oil has always been appreciated over the centuries, already in the second millennium BC. C in Ancient Egypt, olive oil was used in cosmetics and for body care. This area of the Museum is set up with the faithful reproduction of various objects, amphorae, jugs and ancient terracotta vases coming, as well as from Italy, from different countries of the world: Spain, Greece and Egypt. The room contains the PLEMOCHOE / EXALEIPTRON used in ancient Greece to contain fragrant liquids for personal use; LEKANE for domestic use; the LEKITOS to preserve and pour perfumed oil; the LAGYNOS a table jug used by ancient Greeks and Romans; among these could not miss the Mycenaean stirrup amphora the first vessel for oil that crosses the Mediterranean from East to West.

The Lekythos is a vase with a long body, a narrow neck with a single handle and a wide flared hem. It was used in ancient Greece to preserve and pour scented oil and ointments, but its main function is to contain the oil for sprinkling. It is a typical act of religious ceremonies of ancient Rome, in which “sprinkling” occurs through an olive tree branch immersed in lustral water and sprayed on what was to be sprinkled (purified).